Diagnosis Rehab Center- Substance Abuse and Mental Illness
Dual diagnosis is when substance
abuse addiction and mental illness happen at the same time. A
patient may not find out that drug and alcohol addiction often
co-occur with other disorders, until seeking drug or alcohol
addiction treatment. About 70 percent of people
with drug and alcohol addictions may suffer from dual diagnosis.
They often have undiagnosed and untreated secondary diagnoses.
Individuals with mental
illnesses may engage in alcohol addiction or substance abuse
without their families’ knowledge. It
is reported that both mental health professionals and families
of mentally ill relatives underestimate the amount of substance
abuse and alcohol addiction among people in their care. This
could be due to the difficulty in separating the dual diagnosis
behaviors of mental illness from those of drug and alcohol addiction
and abuse. There may be denial of the problem, because there
has been so little information and help offered to people with
dual diagnosis illnesses.
Individuals with co-occurring disorders or dual diagnosis may
begin to use drugs or alcohol for recreational use. They could
be trying to treat symptoms of the illness or the side effects
of their medications as well. They could also be trying to reduce
anxiety or depression. Some professionals say that there may
be some underlying vulnerability of the person that brings about
the dual diagnosis in the individual with both mental illness
and substance abuse. They believe that these certain individuals
may be at risk of dual diagnosis with even mild drug use.
Social factors, such as where the individual lives, may also
play a part in continued substance abuse. People with mental
illnesses may find themselves living in marginal neighborhoods
where alcohol addiction and drug use prevails, and it is hard
to avoid substance abuse, it is all they know. Because they have
difficulty developing social relationships, dual diagnosis sufferers
find themselves more easily accepted by groups whose social activity
is based on drug abuse. Some may believe that an identity based
on drug or alcohol addiction is more acceptable than one based
on mental illness.
The more an individual understands
the disorder, the better able they are to manage the impact of
disease has on them,
their family, and on their social community.
It is why a good dual diagnosis treatment program should include
Some of the components of a good dual diagnosis treatment program
include the following:
- Psycho-education - Lectures,
groups, and individual sessions educate the dual diagnosis
patient about the medical and psychological
aspects of his/her dual diagnosis.
- Expert pharmacotherapy – If
medications are prescribed, only the most effective medications
offering the greatest benefit and the least side effects
- 12-Step programs -
Patients are provided a range of quality in-house 12-Step
meetings according to their specific needs.
- Relapse prevention
program specifically designed for ongoing recovery of the
dual diagnosis patient.
- Adjunct groups that
focus therapeutic work on specific areas of concern to the
dual diagnosis treatment
of the patient,
such as , cocaine/heroin addiction,
eating disorders, stop smoking, grief and
trauma, healthy sexuality, compulsive gambling and women's,
and men's groups.
- Dual diagnosis patients
are encouraged to invite their family members to participate
- Integrative therapies
may include acupuncture, massage, Eye Movement Desensitization
Contact us today to find
out more about our Dual
Diagnosis Rehab Center.